German aircraft bomb the city of Stalingrad (German Federal Archives). The German offensive began on August 23, 1942, and ground and aerial bombardments destroyed most of the factories in Stalingrad. The first German tanks entered the city on September 1.

What was the Luftwaffe's first aerial bombardment of Stalingrad like?

Aerial bombardment of Stalingrad by the German Luftwaffe in September 1942. On August 23, Stalingrad was subjected to the first bombing raid by Heinkel 111 and Junkers 88, about 600 aircraft of General Wolfram von Richthofen, commander of the Condor Legion during the raid on Guernica.

When did the battle for Stalingrad end? On February 2, 1943, the Battle of Stalingrad ended, with over two million casualties. German field artillery shells Soviet positions in the summer of 1942.

What kind of aircraft did the German Luftwaffe have at its disposal?

The aircraft that would serve in the German Luftwaffe were new and technically superior to those of most other countries in the 1930s. Models like the Junkers Ju 87 Stuka and the Messerschmitt Bf 109 became symbols of German air power.

Who was the commander of the Spanish Luftwaffe?

After the Nazis came to power, in 1935. Hitler ordered Hermann Göring to reorganize the Luftwaffe. During the Spanish Civil War, the Luftwaffe was sent by Hitler to support Nationalist forces under the name Legion Condor.

Why did the Luftwaffe decline after World War II?

As World War II progressed, Goering's credibility in the eyes of Hitler and the German public declined after the Luftwaffe was unable to prevent the Allies from bombing German cities and supplying Axis forces encircled in the Battle of Stalingrad.

Who were the Luftwaffe in Germany's military campaigns?

The Luftwaffe became an essential component of German military campaigns. Acting as support for the ground forces, it helped the German armies conquer much of the European continent in a series of short, decisive campaigns in the first nine months of the war.

Who were the Luftwaffe in the Spanish Civil War?

Battle-tested in the Spanish Civil War, where its pilots gained vast experience and skill, the Luftwaffe was one of the most powerful, doctrinally advanced, and combat-experienced air forces in the world before the start of World War II in 1939.

How was the first ever aerial bombardment carried out?

The first ever aerial bombardment was conducted in 1848 by the Austrian Empire against rebellious subjects in Venice, using "prison" balloons (cable-controlled) filled with explosives.

What was strategic bombing during World War II?

Strategic bombing during World War II included aerial bombing of military forces, railroads, ports, cities - and any civilian areas - and industrial areas.

Which countries supported strategic bombing?

During the interwar period, Britain and the US became the most ardent proponents of the strategic bombing theory, with each country building specialized bombers specifically for the task.

What was Britain's strategy in bombing operations?

The strategy that the British were to use in bombing operations was outlined on September 23, 1941. It stated that the purpose of air strikes would be "to attack with a view to breaking the morale of the population, to render cities physically uninhabitable and to plunge the population into a sense of permanent danger."

Who carried out the strategic bombing of the Asian continent?

On the Asian continent, almost all strategic bombing was carried out by the Empire of Japan and the United States. The British Commonwealth planned to send 1,000 heavy bombers to the Far East after the end of operations on the European continent.